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10 Years at GSC (Genomic Sciences Center)

Publication of the paper,
“Finishing the euchromatic sequence of the human genome”

The International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium (IHGSC), composed of researchers from 18 organizations in six countries (including Japan), recently published a paper reporting the finishing process of the human genome sequence, which was done to high accuracy and nearly complete coverage, as well as an updated estimate of the gene number and an overview of the genome structure.
Dr. Yoshiyuki Sakaki, the current GSC director who is also the president of the Human Genome Organization (HUGO), represented the teams in Japan, which contributed significantly to finishing the sequencing and analysis of the human genome.
  Ninety-nine percent of the euchromatic regions of the human genome (about 2.9 billion bases) has been covered, and the analysis of the genome sequence revealed that the human genome contains about 22,000 protein-coding genes. Currently, only 314 gaps remain unsequenced and are estimated to be less than 0.2 billion bases in size, including those in heterochromatic regions of the human genome.
The sequence of the human genome is the most fundamental genetic information for understanding human physiology and evolution, and can be particularly expected to have a great impact on developments and improvements of life science fields in the future of human society (e.g., medical science and treatment).
  The research results were published in the October 21, 2004, issue of the U.K. science journal Nature.